Islamic Republic of Afghanistan


Official name: Islamic Republic of Afghanistan 
President: President H.E Mr. Ashraf Ghani
National Day: 19th August (Independence Day-1919)
Capital: Kabul
Area: 652,090 sq km
Border countries: China (76 km), Iran (936 km), Pakistan (2,430 km), Tajikistan (1,206 km), Turkmenistan (744) km, Uzbekistan (137 km). 
Coastline: None (landlocked) 
Climate: Arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers. 
Natural resources: Natural gas,  petroleum, coal,  talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semi-precious stones. 
Land use:           Arable land:
  Meadows and pastures:
  Forest and woodland:
Agricultural products:  Wheat, corn, rice, barley, cotton, tobacco, fruits, nuts, karakul pelts; wool, mutton. 
Population:  26.5 million (2011) 
Ethnic composition:  Pashtuns 
  minor ethnic groups (Chahar Aimaks, Turkmen, Baloochs and others): 
Religions:  Sunni Muslim 
  Shi'i Muslim  
Languages:  Pashtu
  Dari [Afghan Persian]
  Turkic (Uzbek and Turkmen) and others
Literacy: Total
Currency :  Afghani (AFA) 
Exchange Rate:  45,70 AFA for 1 US$ (Annual Average 2010)
GDP:  $16.343 million US$ (2010)
GDP per capita:  $629 (2010)
GDP growth rate:  3.2 % (2010)
Inflation rate(%):  13.7  (2010)
Unemployment rate(%): n.a
Total Imports : 6390 million US $ (2011)
Total Exports : 376 million US $ (2011)
Foreign Direct Investment :  346 million US $ (2008)
Total External Debt : 2044 million US $ (2007)



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